Menstrual cramps : 7 important tips
The period of the menstrual cycle is one of the sensitive periods that a woman goes through and that exhausts her mentally and physically greatly, so taking care of yourself in terms of health and psychology during the menstrual cycle is very important
You must be aware of the correct practices that you must follow during this period, and stay away from the wrong practices that some of us have inherited, such as not showering during the menstrual period.
Menstruation is one of the most difficult periods for any woman, whether because of the mood changes that accompany it or because of the pain that accompanies it. The easiest solution is always to resort to sedative medications, but some women prefer to reduce their medication intake, especially with the risk of taking painkillers more frequently.
What do I do if I have menstrual cramps
- Warming the lower abdomen helps relieve menstrual pain. You can take a hot bath or place a hot water bottle on the abdominal area to reduce pain.
- Magnesium has properties that help reduce muscle cramps and muscle tension, and for uterine cramps it is very useful in relieving menstrual pain, and one of the most important sources of magnesium and the most common is bananas, so eating bananas during this period is beneficial.
- Cinnamon has anti-inflammatory properties and is considered a pain reliever, especially menstrual pain, as it helps improve blood circulation and thus reduce symptoms. You can add warm milk or ginger to it.
- Women whose diet contains omega-3 acids, they face fewer problems during this period, so it is recommended to eat a lot of omega-3 acids before and during this period, the most important sources of which are fish such as tuna and salmon, and fish oil.
- Doing some exercises helps relieve menstrual pain, according to University of Maryland research, so be sure to take walks or some light exercises that focus on the stomach and legs, and you can also do yoga.
- One of the traditional effective ways to combat menstrual pain is massage. Massage the abdomen and back in circular motions with mint or lavender oil, as they have pain-relieving and muscle-softening properties.
- The sage plant is one of the herbs known for its distinctive aroma, and the boiled sage plant is very useful in cases of menstrual pain.
causes of menstrual cramps
Uterine muscle contractions and uterine contractions occur to expel the endometrium, which is made up of small blood vessels, and there is a substance called prostaglandin that causes the uterine muscles to contract, which may lead to menstrual cramps.
A dull pain can be felt in the lower abdomen, and this pain can spread to the lower back and thighs.
Menstrual cramps can be very painful at times and can interfere with daily activities, and they can also occur before your period.
Here are the causes of menstrual cramps without menstrual bleeding :
- Early pregnancy sign :
If a woman feels cramps but does not have a period, there is a high chance that she is pregnant, as this is the most common cause of lower abdominal discomfort in the absence of menstruation.
During the early stage of pregnancy, the uterus begins to prepare for the growth of the fetus, which begins to implant in the lining of the uterus, and all this happens after the fertilized egg attaches to the wall of the uterus.
Other symptoms associated with early pregnancy include pain and enlargement of the breasts, sensitivity to smell, and morning sickness. It is best to do a home pregnancy test to confirm pregnancy by purchasing a urine pregnancy detector.
To get accurate results, this test can be done a few days after missing your period, using urine as soon as you wake up, where the concentration of the pregnancy hormone is at its highest.
- Delayed menstruation :
Cramps may be a symptom of ovulation, and sometimes they are due to a delayed period rather than a menstrual cycle, as ovulation continues, leading to cramps without a period, and often the period is two weeks after ovulation. It may be associated with other symptoms such as constipation and gas.
Some women suffer from irregular menstruation, which means that ovulation and menstruation may be early or late, and some women miss the expected date of menstruation, which leads to anxiety when cramps and missed periods.
- stress :
Stress and anxiety can affect the menstrual cycle, as stressful situations such as family problems, transportation, or the loss of a loved one can lead to excessive stress.
It can affect the body, and this may lead to cramps that may affect the menstrual cycle.
In addition to vigorous exercise or intense training, it can also cause fatigue and lead to cramps without a period.
- Endometrial :
The endometrium is the inner lining of the uterus, but when it grows outside the uterus, it causes endometriosis, which can lead to a late period.
It can also be associated with cramps that occur one to two weeks before the menstrual cycle, which are: – Causes cramps without a decrease in blood circulation.
- Menopause :
These cramps and contractions occur before menopause, as the ovaries release eggs irregularly during a few cycles, which leads to irregular ovulation, and this leads to late or absent cycles, and it may be accompanied by symptoms such as hot flashes, difficulty sleeping, and cramping.
Menopause may begin when a woman is 40 years old, and this can be tested with an FSH test.
- Ectopic pregnancy :
Mild cramps are a common symptom of early pregnancy, but severe cramps can indicate an ectopic pregnancy, and this is a dangerous condition in which the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus itself.
There are other symptoms associated with an ectopic pregnancy such as breast pain, nausea, and frequent urination. These symptoms usually occur two weeks after your period, and may be followed by vaginal bleeding.
- Ovarian cysts :
Ovarian cysts cause cramps in the lower abdomen, but no menstruation. Ovarian cysts may go away without treatment after three months, but they may also increase in size and develop, causing complications.
- ovarian cancer :
Ovarian tumors are not a common cause of menstrual cramps, but a doctor should be consulted when suspected, because they can be treated when detected in its early stages, and ovarian cancer is a silent killer that mimics other diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome.
Other symptoms include abdominal fullness, pressure, pelvic pain, bloating, swelling, urinary urgency, and changes in the menstrual cycle.
Women may feel a sudden tightness in their clothes around the waist, and women who suspect ovarian cancer should see a gynecologist for evaluation.
- Ovarian autoimmunity :
Ovarian inflammation may occur as a result of an autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks its cells, as it can destroy the ovaries, leading to infertility, and may lead to lower abdominal cramps, fever, vaginal secretions, and absence of a menstrual period.
Other possible causes of menstrual cramps include eating disorders (loss of appetite and obesity), premature ovarian failure, diseases and other medications that can disrupt the normal menstrual cycle.
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lower back pain before period
A day or two before your period, you feel aches and pains in the lower abdomen, back and upper thighs,
The cause of these pains is severe uterine contractions, and these pains may continue until bleeding appears and disappear on their own with regular bleeding.
In addition to menstrual pain, you may feel some other symptoms, such as heaviness in the breasts and pain in the armpits, or you may feel bloated, nauseous, or a change in your mood, and this condition is called premenstrual syndrome.
During the menstrual cycle, due to hormonal changes, the body produces prostaglandins, which lead to severe contractions in the uterus, and these uterine contractions make you feel pain in the lower abdomen, back and upper thighs.
Ginger tea to soothe menstrual cramps
During menstruation, many women experience pain and cramps that can be alleviated with natural herbal prescriptions.
Although women tend to turn to pain relievers to calm menstrual cramps, it is possible to relieve the pain naturally.
Ginger tea is another hot drink that can calm menstrual cramps, as it has anti-inflammatory properties, so it can help treat painful cramps, as it plays a major role in reducing prostaglandin levels.
Also, if your period is accompanied by nausea, stomach upset, and general discomfort, ginger can help relieve these problems.
Chamomile tea for menstrual cramps
Chamomile is considered one of the best natural herbs that calm menstrual cramps, because it contains two compounds: Hippurates and Glycine, and these compounds can help to relax the uterus when experiencing cramps due to their properties.
Additionally, chamomile contains anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce discomfort and pain.
Chamomile tea recipe
- You need a cup of hot water.
- Soak a chamomile tea bag in hot water for 10 minutes.
- After that, take out the tea bag and add lemon juice or honey to it.
We recommend drinking two cups a day during the week leading up to your period.
There is research confirming that chamomile contains terpenoids and flavonoids that have anti-inflammatory effects.
Source : Menstrual cramps